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雅思大作文范文分析-國際旅游

來源:新航道 瀏覽:0 發布日期:2020-04-24 17:00

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題目:


International tourism has brought enormous benefit to many places. At the same time, there is concern about its impact on local inhabitants and the environment.


Do the disadvantages of international tourism outweigh the advantages?


翻譯:國際旅游為很多地方帶來了巨大的經濟收益,但與此同時,很多人擔憂其對當地居民和環境帶來的(負面)影響。


國際旅游是否利大于弊?


話題:社會類-全球化


類型:利弊分析類


注意點:注意本題為國際旅游(International tourism)


舉例子時一定要舉國際旅游的例子


國家之間巨大的差別就在于文化,一定要寫到文化傳播


很多被國際旅游帶動的國家/地區都是保留地方特色的偏遠地區,小島或小國家,這些國家/地區的環境一般比較原始,容易被破壞。


解析:


在之前構思講解時,我們說到一種構思的方式就是去找一件事情的相關主體。那么,國際旅游這件事情的相關主體包含誰呢?


我們看到今天這個題目,主要探討的是國際旅游對于‘旅游地’這一主體的影響。我們按正面影響和負面影響來梳理一下:


正面影響:


國際旅游帶來的積極正面影響,大家有目共睹,主要在經濟,文化領域。The positive impacts are observed in economic and socio-cultural dimensions.


很多擁有秀麗風光,獨特文化但原本非常不發達,且不為人知的小島,小國,都因為國際旅游的快速發展,而實現經濟上的巨大飛躍。


比如度假勝地塞舌爾(Seychelles),原本為東非印度洋上的一個并不發達的小島國。


因為其美麗的海島風光,人氣超高的海灘而被越來越多的海外游客所熟知。


旅游業一躍成為其經濟的支柱,為這個國家創造了75%的GDP。


那么我們總結一下好處:


create jobs:我們看到導圖中服務商的三個分支,酒店業,景點,餐飲業的發展,都將為當地提供大量的工作崗位。


boost a country's economy:游客在旅游地的各種花費,都將為當地的經濟做出貢獻


increase awareness of culture:旅游少不了文化傳播,宣揚了當地的文化


負面影響:


1.Destruction of nature and habitat loss(對自然及動植物棲息地的影響):


比如咱們要在一個地方開設旅游景點,


如果這個地方原始未開墾,那咱們就要先在這里鋪路建酒店等基礎設施。


那么這樣的基建是否是建立在對當地環境負責,可持續的基礎上呢? 


大家可以想,旅游說到底是一種商業交換,價值和利益為先。作為開發商,很有可能會按照最盈利的方式去建設而非最環保的方式:


Very often the infrastructure is built without any sustainable development plan or environment protection policies. (Good sentence!可直接用在你的文章中,把全句記小本兒上背下來,或者至少把標紅單詞記住。)


Therefore, development comes at the cost of nature.  ( xx comes at the cost of xx)


這個觀點展開是難點。在實際操作中,我有不少學生在書寫時都無法把基建毀壞環境這個事情展開說明白,所以此處多寫一些,給大家提供一些可以展開的方法參考。


① New areas of land need to be cleared for(地道詞組) new hotels and roads.


② Animals lose their natural habitat and have to move to a new location. Often animals get into a conflict with people when protecting their territory or looking for food. Unfortunately, most of the times animals are at loss.(動物失去棲息地,與人類爭奪生存空間和事物)


③ Waste disposal problem(污水處理) is a significant contributor to(有沒有覺得這個詞組用的特別好?哈哈) the degradation(退化) of the environment. 


來在這個句子中感受一下詞匯的力量。句型超簡單:A is B,但是里面填充的詞很經典- 經典在哪?


屬于環境,生態類話題垂直領域中的話題詞匯


名詞多體現學術感


A is a significant contributor to B 這個表達方式大家可以記住哦


可以在大作文主體段因果論證中進行使用 ,替換because, because of, due to , lead to 


比如:人工智能的發展導致很多人失業(因為人工智能的發展,很多人失業了、 很多人失業的主要原因是人工智能的發展)


The development of artificial intelligence is a (significant) contributor to the unemployment. 


If untreated sewage(污水,下水道的水) water is dumped(廢棄,拋棄) into the ocean, it negatively affects marine life(海洋生物-雅思閱讀詞匯). 


2.Increased pollution for living space (plastic, noise, light, sewage)


說完了對旅游地環境的影響,我們再來看對當地居民的影響


比較好寫的一個影響就是各種垃圾污染了當地人的生活空間,降低了生活質量, 畢竟The more people are in one place, the more waste is accumulated.


首先就是塑料垃圾(plastic waste):such as water bottles, takeaway containers, different packaging, plastic bags, etc.


其次還有光污染(light pollution):


To accommodate an increased number of tourists many more hotels and other facilities have to be built. More lights in the buildings, more lights and LED signs on the streets, create light pollution in the area. 


Before it was a small village, where people used to go to bed with the sunset. Now it’s a town bustling with nightlife.(對比前后可能發生的變化,突出光污染帶來的巨大影響)


再者還有噪音污染(sound pollution)


Same happens with sound pollution. With the grows and development comes the noise from the people, cars, and bars. Both light and sound pollution create an adverse environment for the peoiple that live in that area.


好啦,分析了好多,來一起看精選9分范文吧:


范文分析:

Travel industry has experienced a major boom in the later part of the 20th century, which has helped some weaker nations to uplift their failing economies(好搭配-uplift-economy). While questions have been raised regarding the negative impacts that accompany the growth in the travel sector, these definitely do not outweigh the associated benefits.


(開頭段:背景介紹+觀點給出


1.Questions have been rasied regarding …..關于…方面的問題被提出-人們對…提出質疑。


例如:Questions have been raised regarding whether the development of internet is good or bad.


2.negative impacts that accompany the growth/development in/of….…的發展,與之而來的負面影響


例如: Negative impacts that accompany the development of internet are the unregulated spread of information and the great possibility of internet addiction. 網絡發展所帶來的負面影響包括信息的傳播和沉迷網絡) 


The economic boost(經濟推動力) that accompanies a successful travel industry(定語從句,修飾前方economic boost) is quite well recognised and Thailand is the best example. The entire Thai economy revolves around tourism and the country had been able to uplift its socio economic status through its flourishing hospitality sector(繁榮的酒店業).  Egypt is another nation that is heavily dependent on its hospitality sector.(可以在自己文章中使用的例子) The growth in the number of incoming tourists leads to innumerable(無數的,數不清的) prospects in terms of local entrepreneurship & employment generation. This is also associated with international investments and infrastructure development. The national authorities(主語), in order to ensure safety of the international visitors provide(謂語) better law and order enforcement, improved transportation and healthcare facilities(賓語), which in turn benefit the local population(非限制型定語從句).


(好處段: 主要觀點是促進經濟發展- 給出了泰國和埃及的例子- 延伸到酒店業及基礎設施建設)


On the other hand, the rising influx(名詞:涌入,如:a massive/sudden influx of visitors) of holidaymakers is associated with increased incidences of crimes, prostitution and antisocial activities like drugs, human trafficking and gambling, which affect the values of the indigenous(本土的) society.(對當地社會產生的負面影響的例子,可以記憶背誦)Environmentalists are also concerned regarding environmental remodelling, that is associated with increased tourist activities in natural reserves. In this context, it is worth mentioning that, by enforcing stern(嚴厲的) law and order and implementing strict legislations, governments can control most of these negative impacts of tourism.


(弊端段:寫出對于當地生活及環境的影響,并指出,的確有這些負面影響,但是負面影響可以被解決)


Henceforth, it can be confidently conveyed that(可背誦使用), even though the growth in travel industry has accompanying negative social impacts, these do not outweigh the contributions made by this sector(這一領域-代指旅游業) towards social development.


(結尾重申觀點)


本文的詞匯,句型,長度,扣題都不錯,請大家學習借鑒


有一點瑕疵在于弊端段關于環境破壞那里--Environmentalists are also concerned regarding environmental remodelling, that is associated with increased tourist activities in natural reserves.—這一句寫的過于泛泛 (over-generalised)


在反方觀點段落中,你可以不多寫,就寫一句兩句,但是不代表一兩句就可以很泛泛。 就比如大家看上一句寫當地可能出現打砸搶偷那一句,也是一句話,但就有很多細節,各種社會不良現象,很具體。


除此之外本文其他點上寫的都非常好~ 好好利用這篇范文哦


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